The safety and efficacy of this agent(s), or use in this setting, has not been established or is subject to confirmation. For an agent(s) whose safety and efficacy has not been established or confirmed, future regulatory approval or commercial availability is not guaranteed.


Geo Regions


Overview + Rationale

  • DNA double-strand breaks (DSBs) frequently arise in cells and, if left unrepaired, cause senescence or cell death 
  • Homologous recombination (HR) is the most important DSB DNA-repair pathway with two key contributors being BRCA1 and BRCA2. Cells with defective BRCA have compromised ability to repair DSBs 
  • Poly (ADP-ribose) polymerase (PARP) is an enzyme associated with single-strand, base-excision repair and can enable DNA replication and cell survival in BRCA deficient tumor cells 
  • Talazoparib selectively binds to PARP and prevents PARP-mediated DNA repair of single-strand DNA breaks 
  • This enhances the accumulation of DNA strand breaks, promotes genomic instability and eventually leads to apoptosis in BRCA 1/2-mutated tumor cells (synthetic lethality)

Mechanism of Action

  • Possible dual cytotoxic mechanisms of PARP inhibitors. 
  • Catalytic inhibition of PARP is thought to interfere with the repair of DNA single-strand breaks (SSBs) 
  • Talazoparib is believed to trap the PARP on SSBs, based on preclinical data, preventing dissociation from damaged DNA, leading to replication fork instability

Stage of Development

Talazoparib is being investigated in combination with other agent(s) in the tumor type shown here. Safety and efficacy of talazoparib for the use listed below have not been established.

small icon representing GU cancer
Metastatic Castration-Sensitive Prostate Cancer with DDR Gene Mutated
Phase 3 Combination*